1. How can anyone protect an invention in Greece?
An invention is granted legal protection only when protected by a
Patent or a Utility Model Certificate. The industrial Property
Organisation is the legal qualified institution for the exclusive
grant of such protection titles.
2. What is a patent?
A Patent is a protection title with a duration of 20 years. It is
granted to the patentee for any invention which is new, involves an
inventive step and is susceptible of industrial application.
3. What is a Utility Model Certificate?
A Utility Model Certificate is a protection title with a duration of
7 years. It is granted to the holder of the right for a
three-dimensional object with definite shape and form, capable of
giving a solution to a technical problem and proposed as novel and
4. Status of the protection granted by a Patent or a Utility Model
A Patent or a Utility Model Certificate confer on their owner the
exclusive right to produce, use, sell and in general to exploit their
invention in Hellas. In this way, they exclude any third party from
any exploitation of their invention.
5. What happens if a third party copies or exploits an invention
already protected by a Patent or a Utility Model Certificate?
The owner has the right to require from the Hellenic courts that the
infringement of the Patent or the Utility Model Certificate ceases
and that no infringement be committed in the future. On the
understanding of law, the owner is entitled to demand reparation of
the damage or surrender of the profits obtained from the illegal
exploitation of the invention. Alternatively, an amount equal to the
value of a license of such exploitation may be demanded. The court
may additionally order the destruction of the products manufactured
by the third party in violation of the provisions of the law. The
court may also order, instead of the destruction, that the products
or a part thereof be surrendered to the holder at the request of the
6. What is likely to occur when an invention has not been protected
by a Patent or a Utility Model Certificate?
Any third party may apply first for a Patent a Utility Model
Certificate for the same invention, in which case it is granted the
exclusive right to exploit the invention, excluding there -from any
other, even you, or simply start exploiting the invention without
having been granted the right deriving from the Patent or a Utility
Model Certificate, thus disclosing the invention to the public. As a
result, any third party, even you, is excluded from being granted the
7. Can an invention be protected by a Patent or a Utility Model
Patents and Utility Model Certificates cover any invention which can
be productively applied to any field of human activity. However,
there are cases which are not covered by one of the above protection
titles, as stated in the law, such as discoveries, scientific
theories, mathematical methods, aesthetic creations etc.
8. How can you exploit a Patent or a Utility Model Certificate?
either exploit productively your invention yourself without any
competition thanks to the exclusive right granted to you.
or transfer the protection title to a third party against an agreed
or again grant to another person or persons a license to work the
patent against an agreed compensation. In this case you still hold
your exclusive right.
9. Is there a fee for obtaining a Patent or a Utility Model
The rights deriving from the protection titles are granted and remain
in force upon payment of the respective fees to OBI.
10. What is the right way to protect your invention abroad?
By filing a complete application for a Patent or a Utility Model
Certificate with OBI you are entitled to claim priority over any
other person for the grant of a Patent or a Utility Model Certificate
for the same invention in all member - states of the Paris
Convention. You have a period of 12 months since the date of the
filing, to file application with the countries which may be of
interest by claiming the Hellenic priority.
For filing an application abroad you have the choice of:
filing a complete application directly with the country of your
filing a complete application for a European Patent after selecting
states of the Munich Convention you wish to receive protection
filing a complete international application (PCT:
Patent Cooperation Treaty). In this way you have the choice to
file a patent application with any of the
member - states
of the PCT.
OBI contributes substantially to the procedure of the last two cases
as it operates as a receiving office for the respective applications.